Red Squirrels: Evaluating Their Edibility

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Red squirrels are a common sight in many parts of North America, and while they are often admired for their cute and playful demeanor, some people may wonder whether they are good to eat. This question has been debated for many years, with some arguing that red squirrels are a tasty and nutritious food source, while others believe that they are not fit for human consumption.

Those who favor eating red squirrels point out that they are a lean source of protein rich in vitamins and minerals. They also note that red squirrels are abundant in many areas, making them a readily available food source for those who know how to hunt and prepare them.

On the other hand, those who are against eating red squirrels argue that they are not as nutritious as different types of meat and may carry diseases or parasites that could harm humans.

Despite the ongoing debate, there is no definitive answer to whether red squirrels are good to eat. Ultimately, the decision to eat red squirrels is a personal one that depends on a variety of factors, including cultural traditions, personal preferences, and health considerations.

As with any food, weighing the potential benefits and risks before deciding whether to include red squirrels in your diet is essential.


History of Eating Squirrels


Humans have been eating squirrels for centuries, with evidence of squirrel consumption dating back to the ancient Greeks and Romans. In the Middle Ages, squirrels were a common food source for peasants and nobles, often roasted or stewed with vegetables and herbs. During the American colonial period, squirrels were also a popular food among settlers, especially in the southern United States.

However, as the industrial era began in the 19th century, squirrels became less common on the dinner table. As people moved to cities and began to rely on mass-produced food, squirrels were no longer seen as a viable food source. In addition, the rise of hunting as a sport meant that many people began to view squirrels as game animals rather than food.

Despite this decline in popularity, some people have continued to eat squirrels throughout the years. In the southern United States, squirrel hunting and eating is still a popular tradition, with many hunters considering squirrel meat to be a delicacy. In other parts of the world, such as Asia and Europe, squirrels are often eaten as part of traditional dishes.


Nutritional Value of Squirrels


Squirrels are an excellent source of protein and fat but are not nutritionally complete. They are low in carbohydrates and fiber and do not contain all the essential vitamins and minerals humans need. However, they do provide several vital nutrients, including:

  • Protein: Squirrels are an excellent source of high-quality protein, essential for building and repairing tissues in the body.
  • Fat: Squirrels are high in fat, which provides energy and helps the body absorb fat-soluble vitamins.
  • B vitamins: Squirrels contain several B vitamins, including thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, and vitamin B12. These vitamins are essential for energy production, brain function, and the formation of red blood cells.
  • Iron: Squirrels are an excellent source of iron, which is essential for forming red blood cells and transporting oxygen throughout the body.
  • Zinc: Squirrels are an excellent source of zinc, which is essential for immune function, wound healing, and DNA synthesis.

Overall, squirrels can be a nutritious addition to the diet but should not be relied upon as the sole source of nutrition. Therefore, it is vital to eat various foods to ensure that all essential nutrients are consumed.


Red Squirrels as Food


Taste and Texture

Red squirrels have a unique, gamey flavor similar to rabbits or other small game. The meat is lean and has a slightly chewy texture. Some people describe it as being identical to dark-meat chicken. The flavor and texture can vary depending on the age, sex, and diet of the squirrel.


Preparation Methods


Red squirrels can be prepared in various ways, including roasting, grilling, stewing, and frying. The meat can be marinated to help tenderize it and add flavor. To remove parasites or bacteria, it is essential to thoroughly clean and skin the squirrel before cooking.


Culinary Uses


Red squirrels can be used in various dishes, including stews, pies, and casseroles. The meat can also be used as a substitute for other game meats in recipes. Some people even use the bones and carcasses to make a flavorful stock.


Potential Health Risks


Consuming red squirrels can come with some potential health risks. Squirrels can carry diseases, such as tularemia and salmonella, that can be transmitted to humans. Therefore, itndling and cooking the meat properly is essential to avoid potential health hazards.


Ethical Considerations


When eating red squirrels, there are several ethical considerations to remember. While some may view squirrels as pests or a nuisance, others see them as valuable ecosystem members. Here are a few things to consider before deciding whether or not to eat red squirrels:

  • Animal welfare: It’s essential to consider the animal’s welfare before consuming it. If the squirrel was killed humanely, eating it may be ethical. However, if the animal was trapped or killed in a way that caused unnecessary suffering, consuming it may not be ethical.
  • Sustainability: Red squirrels are not endangered, but their populations have declined in some areas due to habitat loss and competition with gray squirrels. If the squirrel was obtained through sustainable hunting practices, eating it may be considered ethical. However, if the squirrel was obtained through illegal or unsustainable means, it may not be ethical to consume it.
  • Cultural considerations: Eating squirrels and other small game is standard in some cultures. However, consuming certain animals in different cultures may be considered taboo or disrespectful. Therefore, it’s essential to consider cultural norms and traditions when deciding whether or not to eat red squirrels.

Ultimately, the decision to eat red squirrels is personal and should be based on individual values and beliefs. However, individuals can make informed decisions that align with their values by considering the ethical implications of consuming these animals.




While red squirrels are technically edible, hunting or consuming them is not recommended. Red squirrels are protected in some areas, and hunting them is illegal. Additionally, red squirrels have been known to carry diseases and parasites that can harm humans.

Even if hunting red squirrels were legal and safe, there are better options for meat. Squirrels are small and do not provide much meat compared to larger game animals like deer or elk. The meat can also be tough to prepare appropriately.

Overall, hunting and eating red squirrels is not worth the effort or risk. It is better to stick to more plentiful and safer sources of meat.

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